Programme Objective Series PROBES/ 136 /2010
STATUS OF THE VEHICULAR POLLUTION
CONTROL PROGRAMME IN INDIA
CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD
(M ini st ry o f En vir onment & For est s, Go vt. o f I ndia )
East Arjun Nagar, Delhi – 110 032
FOREWORD The growing cities, sharp increasing traffic, trajectory growth, rapid economic development and industrialization, and higher levels of energy consumption has resulted an increase of pollution load in the urban environment. It is also accepted that automobiles have emerged as a critical source of urban air pollution specially in the developing world. Realizing the gravity of the problem, steps are being taken to introduce better technologies, better fuel quality, shift to environment friendly fuels, and mass transit system for the control of environmental pollution in urban areas. The Central and State Governments in India have been developing strategies for mitigation measures to improve the urban air quality and make the cities cleaner and greener. Over the past decade or so, the Government of India has notified statutes aimed at regulating and monitoring vehicular emissions across the country. Present document presents the Status of Vehicular Pollution Control Programmes and their impact on the urban air quality. Contribution of Sh. J.S. Kamyotra Member Secretary is thankfully acknowledged. Thanks are duly extended to Dr. R.S. Mahwar Additional Director for his extensive inputs. Shri R.C. Saxena Sr. Env. Engineer, Shri G. Thirumurthy Env. Engineer and Ms. Meetu Puri JSA for their respective contributions in the report. Hopefully the document will prove useful as a reference for all the concerned interested in the improvement of urban air quality in general and control of vehicular emissions in particular.
(Prof. S. P. Gautam) Chairman
S. No. Items Page No. 1-2
2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2
Vehicular pollutants and their.