Renewable Energy in India

RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO IN INDIA
A generalised overview…

ENERGY SCENE IN INDIA
Anything tangible or intangible, that costs money is evaluated very carefully and used equally carefully in India. This means expenses are controlled and kept as low as possible. The scenario in energy consumption in India is no different. It is not surprising that the per capita energy consumption figures are very low inspite of high rate of development now taking place. The per capita consumption in India is in the region of 400 KWH per annum.
In the ninth five year plan (1997-2002) energy strategy is divided into short term strategy, medium strategy and long term strategy.
SHORT TERM STRATEGY
•?Administered pricing mechanism
•?Institutional reforms to be consolidated for deregulation
•?Optimum utilization of existing assets
•?Production systems to be made efficient, transmission and distribution losses to be reduced
•?R&D transfer of technologies to be promoted
•?Energy efficiency improvement in accordance with national and socio-economic and environmental priorities
•?Energy efficiency and emission standards to be promoted
•?Labelling programmes for products
•?Adoption of energy efficient technologies in giant industries

MEDIUM AND LONG TERM STRATEGIES
•?Demand management through greater conservation of energy, optimum fuel mix, increasing reliance on rail for movement of goods and passengers and shift to emphasis on utilizing mass movement and transport systems for public rather than private transports
•?Better urban planning to reduce need for energy in transport sector
•?Shift and emphasis to solar, wind, biomass energy sources
•?Emphasis on research and development, transfer and use of energy efficient technologies and practices in the supply and end-use sectors.

RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO IN INDIA
India is blessed with an abundance of sunlight, water and biomass. Vigorous efforts during the past two decades are now bearing fruit as people in all.